Volume 23, Issue 77 (8-2022)                   Zanko J Med Sci 2022, 23(77): 1-15 | Back to browse issues page

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PhD in Sport Physiology, Physical Education Teacher, Khuzestan Nomadic Education Department, Iran
Abstract:   (993 Views)
Background and Aim: Growth assessment based on height, weight and body mass index (BMI) curves is an essential part of health monitoring and services. The aim of this study was to plot the growth curve of female students in Khorramshahr city and compare it with their Tehran and the United States’ centers for disease control and prevention (CDC) counterparts.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in 2020-2021 in elementary and high school girls in Khorramshahr. In total, 2160 female students aged 7 to 17 years were included in the study using cluster and multistage sampling to measure their height, weight and BMI. Height, weight and BMI percentiles of the target population were determined and compared with their Tehran and CDC counterparts. Also, the mentioned indicators were compared between the urban and the rural students.
Results: Comparing height data, no difference was observed between rural and urban students (p
<0.05), but urban students had significantly higher weights at 16 and 17 years and higher BMIs at 15 and 17 years (p <0.05). There was no significant difference between Khorramshahr and CDC reference students in height percentiles, although the weight of the Khorramshahr students was slightly lower than the CDC reference and in most of the percentiles, BMI was lower than the CDC reference. Also, the height of Khorramshahr students aged 14 to 17 was higher than their Tehran counterparts.
Conclusion: The observed differences between the height, weight and BMI curves of Khorramshahr students with their Tehran counterparts and the CDC reference show the need for community and country-specific curves. Therefore, it is recommended that health professionals use this curve to examine the growth of children aged 7 to 17 years in similar communities.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2022/04/21 | Accepted: 2022/07/22 | ePublished: 2022/06/21

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