Volume 17, Issue 55 (3-2017)                   Zanko J Med Sci 2017, 17(55): 22-31 | Back to browse issues page

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Prevalence and factors associated with performance-enhancing drug use by bodybuilders man in Sanandaj city in 2015. Zanko J Med Sci. 2017; 17 (55) :22-31
URL: http://zanko.muk.ac.ir/article-1-149-en.html
Abstract:   (1723 Views)

Backgrounds and Aim: Drug taking for getting success in sports competitions and sometimes to improve health and appearance of the body by increasing the   muscle mass,   has become a problem among adolescents and young adults. . The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of using drugs and its related factors     in body-building athletes in Sanandaj.

Material and Methods: In this cross - sectional study, 199 Sanandajchr('39')s body-builder athletes were interviewed. Sampling was stratified by random.  Demographic and drug taking datachr('39')s were collected by questionnaire and finally analyzed by SPSS 22.

Results: 32.6 percent used drugs. The most common used materials were, keratin (25 percent) and protein (19 percent). There was no significant correlation between drug taking and age (P=0.193) and education (P=0.344). Significant negative correlation was between performance-enhancing drugs takers and smoking (P<0.05), and Athletes with more than 2 years of experience are the largest number of drug consumers (P=0.008). Their most common reason of taking drugs was fitness.  (76.56)  (P<0.05).

Conclusion: The prevalence of drug taking in this study was lower than most of   internal investigation results, so by increasing use of performance-enhancing drugs, prevention programs and athletes and couches training about the side effects of drugs is recommended.

Full-Text [PDF 518 kb]   (1883 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/09/26 | Accepted: 2016/11/20 | ePublished: 2017/04/1

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