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:: Volume 18, Issue 57 (9-2017) ::
Zanko J Med Sci 2017, 18(57): 33-43 Back to browse issues page
The Educational Needs of Menopausal Women with Hypertension on Healthy Nutritional Behaviors Using the Health Belief Model
Abstract:   (775 Views)
Background and Aim: Hypertension is one of the challenges in the health sector and Its prevalence in women, especially after menopause, the high has been reported. because in menopausal women aging and estrogen hormone decrease blend together and caused the disease increas. This study aims at determining the educational needs of menopausal women with hypertension on healthy nutritional behaviors based on Health Belief Model in Qom city in 2014.
Material and Methods: This is a descriptive-analytic and cross-sectional study conducted on 211 menopausal women with hypertension who lived in Qom city in 2014. The data was collected through demographic information questionnaire and a researcher-made one validated and relied based on Health Belief Model and completed by the subjects through an organized interview. Eventually, the data was analyzed by SPSS 16 software with 0.05 significance level.
Results: The mean of the subjects’ age was 60.6 years. The mean and standard deviation of nutritional awareness in menopausal women was 11.11±2/06 scores. Furthermore, the mean and standard deviation of Health Belief Model factors’ including perceived susceptibility  17/93±2/75, perceived severity 17/2±2/93, perceived benefits 17/46±1/87, perceived barriers 15/82±1/62 and self- efficacy 24/44±5/18 were determined. There were significant differences between the mean of perceived severity and perceived self- efficacy in two groups recommended diet subordinate and recommended diet non-subordinate (P<0/05). 
Conclusion: Eventually, the current study showed that menopausal women with hypertension had an almost desirable nutritional knowledge, a moderate perceived susceptibility status, a moderate to low perceived severity status, a moderate perceived benefits status, and an undesirable perceived barriers status. Thus, educational interventions based on theories and models especially Health Belief Model are recommended for this group.
Keywords: Hypertension, Menopausal Women, Health Belief Model, Nutritional Behavior
Full-Text [PDF 729 kb]   (276 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/04/19 | Accepted: 2017/06/4 | Published: 2017/09/21
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The Educational Needs of Menopausal Women with Hypertension on Healthy Nutritional Behaviors Using the Health Belief Model . Zanko J Med Sci. 2017; 18 (57) :33-43
URL: http://zanko.muk.ac.ir/article-1-185-en.html

Volume 18, Issue 57 (9-2017) Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم پزشکی زانکو Zanko Journal of Medical Sciences
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