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:: Volume 15, Number 45 (9-2014) ::
Zanko J Med Sci 2014, 15(45): 26-35 Back to browse issues page
Bioaccumulation of Pb, Cd, Zn, and Cu in the muscle, gill, liver, and skin of common carp (C. carpio) and silver carp (H. molitrix) in Gheshlagh Dam in Sanandaj City
Borhan Mansouri , Farshid Majnoni, Afshin Maleki, Zahed Rezaei, Namamali Azadi, Fardin Gharibi
PhD Student, Kurdistan Environmental Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj
Abstract:   (679 Views)
ABSTRACT
Background: Contamination of aquatic ecosystems (e.g. lakes, rivers, streams, etc.) with metals has been receiving increased worldwide attention due to their harmful effects on human health and other organisms in the environment. Therefore, the aims of this study was investigation of Pb, Cd, Zn, and Cu bioaccumulation in the muscle, liver, gill, and skin of common carp (C. carpio) and silver carp (H. molitrix) in Gheshlagh Dam in Sanandaj City. 
Materials and Methods: The study was cross- sectional. A total of 30 fish individuals belonging to of common carp and silver carp were analyzed for Cd, Pb, Cr, Cu, Ni, Zn, and Fe in the edible muscle, gill, liver, and skin organs, metal concentrations in the organs were given as µg g-1 wet weight. Metal concentrations were assayed using Shimadzu AA 6600 atomic absorption spectrophotometer. The data was analyzed using SPSS software (version 16 SPSS, Chicago, IL). 
Results: The results of this study showed that the highest and lowest metal concentrations were in gill and skin respectively. Moreover, the results of one-way ANOVA in two species showed that the difference was significant in Cd, Pb and Zn in the liver Zn in the gill Pb, Cr, and Zn in the muscle and Pb, Ni, and Zn in the muscle of both species (p < 0.05). 
Conclusion: The results of this study showed that the metal concentrations (exception Pb in H. molitrix) in muscle of common carp (C. carpio) and silver carp was lower than FAO standard, that these two fish species are health.
Keywords: Pollution, Cd, Pb, Fish, Gheshlagh Dam
Full-Text [PDF 541 kb]   (226 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/08/1 | Accepted: 2014/08/18 | Published: 2014/09/16
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Mansouri B, Majnoni F, Maleki A, Rezaei Z, Azadi N, Gharibi F. Bioaccumulation of Pb, Cd, Zn, and Cu in the muscle, gill, liver, and skin of common carp (C. carpio) and silver carp (H. molitrix) in Gheshlagh Dam in Sanandaj City. Zanko J Med Sci. 2014; 15 (45) :26-35
URL: http://zanko.muk.ac.ir/article-1-34-en.html
Volume 15, Number 45 (9-2014) Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم پزشکی زانکو Zanko Journal of Medical Sciences
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