Volume 15, Issue 45 (9-2014)                   Zanko J Med Sci 2014, 15(45): 36-41 | Back to browse issues page

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Shakib P, Lavakhamseh H, Mohammadi B. The prevalence of nosocomial infection in ICU, Besat Hospital, Sanandaj City, Iran. Zanko J Med Sci 2014; 15 (45) :36-41
URL: http://zanko.muk.ac.ir/article-1-35-en.html
Abstract:   (5218 Views)
Introduction: Nosocomial infection usually occurs 48 hours after being admitted to hospital and a variety of bacteria are involved in the occurrence of these infections. The highest rates of nosocomial infection in intensive care are allocated between different segments. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of nosocomial infections in the intensive care unit. 
Methods: The study was done in intensive care unit (ICU) in hospital in Sanandaj, in 2012-13 in patients that were hospitalized more than 48 hour based on CDC definition of nosocomial infection. Causative bacteria were isolated and identified with standard laboratory tests. 
Results: Patients who were admitted to hospital and more than 48 hours in ICU, 77 patients had nosocomial infections. Of these, 12.5, 6.3, 15, 7, 6, 14, 7 and 2 respectively, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus, Klebsiella, Pseudomonas, Serratia, Acinetobacter, Citrobacter were isolated. Thus most of the isolated bacteria were Acinetobacter and Klebsiella isolates in the intensive care unit. 
Conclusion: The prevalence of nosocomial infection in intensive care departments to identify factors causing these infections and identify weaknesses in the care of hospitalized patients is very important points in this section.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/07/29 | Accepted: 2014/08/20 | ePublished: 2014/09/16

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