Volume 19, Issue 63 (1-2019)                   Zanko J Med Sci 2019, 19(63): 59-73 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

رحمانپور ا. The Epidemiology Study of Cutaneous Lishmaniasis in Bushehr Province. Zanko J Med Sci 2019; 19 (63) :59-73
URL: http://zanko.muk.ac.ir/article-1-370-en.html
Abstract:   (2237 Views)
Background and Aim: Cutaneous leishmaniasis is a common parasitic disease between human and animals caused by protozoan parasites of the Leishmania genus. The parasite is transmitted to human by sand fly bite. The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiological aspects of the disease in Bushehr province, Iran.
Material and Method: This investigation was a Cross-Sectional, analytical descriptive and retrospective study. Sample were all persons, whom were referred to the Health centers in Bushehr province for parasitological diagnosis of cutaneous leishmaniasis, during 21 March 2011 to 19 March 2016. They were cured, followed-up, and demographic/clinical Information of subjects such as age, sex, season, month, year and results of clinical and laboratory and examinations were recorded. Data were analyzed using the chi-square test.
Results: The results revealed that the number of infected cases in Bushehr was 661 people during the study. Maximum and minimum cases have been reported in 2011 (22.8%) and 2012 (17.5%). The highest and lowest seasonal outbreak were related to winter (38%) and summer (12.4%), respectively. The highest and lowest cases referred were during February (15.4%) and September (2.9%), respectively. The incidence of leishmaniasis in men (59.5%) was more than women (40.5%). The highest percentage of patients were in age group 0-9 years (30.7%), while the lowest percentage were in age groups 69-60 (1.7%) and 70 years (1.7%).
Conclusion: Regarding the high number of reported cases of the disease and suitable environmental conditions for sandflies activity in the region in some months of the year, more attention is recommended for prevention, control and treatment of the disease, to protect public health by local authorities.
Full-Text [PDF 607 kb]   (1143 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/02/4 | Accepted: 2018/08/6 | ePublished: 2019/01/15

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2023 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Zanko Journal of Medical Sciences

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb