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:: Volume 15, Number 44 (6-2014) ::
Zanko J Med Sci 2014, 15(44): 1-8 Back to browse issues page
Survey of water fluoride and status of dmft and DMFT in elementary and medium school students in Kamiran Town
Borhan Mansouri , Afshin Maleki, Zahid Rezaei, Masoud Ali-Hossaeni, Nemamali Azadi, Mohammad Amin Pourdel, Hediye Elhami, Seyede Gisia Fakhrolkonaini, Sara Sharifzadeh, Rozhin Hoseini
Kurdistan Environmental Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj
Abstract:   (1206 Views)
ABSTRACT
Background and Aim: Oral and dental health and collecting data on the prevalence of dental caries are among the most important aspects of individual health. Thus, it is necessary to determine community’s oral health status. Various epidemiological studies are required at different levels to assess the efficacy of preventive, oral and dental health control programs in a society. Thus, the aims of this study was survey of water fluoride and status of dmft and DMFT in elementary and medium school students in Kamiran Town.
Material and Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study. Data were collected through interview and dental clinical examination using disposable dental explorer, dental mirror, and a flash light. A total of 217 students aged 6 to 14 years were evaluated for their oral health status in Kamiran Town aspect of dmft and DMFT in 2014. Fluoride concentrations were detected by IC. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 16 software. T-test test was also used for analysis. 
Results: The results of this study showed that the dmft mean in elementary school students for boys and girls were 4.76 and 6.20 respectively. The mean of DMFT for medium school students in boys and girls were 5.40 and 7.95 respectively. Moreover, the results of this study indicated that was significant between number of brush and dmft and DMFT in elementary and medium school students (p < 0.05). The concentration of fluoride in Kamiran Town water was 0.2 mg/l. 
Conclusion: The status of dmft and DMFT among elementary and medium school students of Kamiran Town students was higher than the WHO standards and other area. Thus, to improve the current situation, a proper programming seems necessary. Furthermore, more attention must be paid to the education of families about dental and oral health.
Keywords: Dental caries, dmft, dental and oral health, fluoride
Full-Text [PDF 513 kb]   (177 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/04/30 | Accepted: 2014/05/18 | Published: 2014/06/15
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Mansouri B, Maleki A, Rezaei Z, Ali-Hossaeni M, Azadi N, Pourdel M A, et al . Survey of water fluoride and status of dmft and DMFT in elementary and medium school students in Kamiran Town. Zanko J Med Sci. 2014; 15 (44) :1-8
URL: http://zanko.muk.ac.ir/article-1-41-en.html
Volume 15, Number 44 (6-2014) Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم پزشکی زانکو Zanko Journal of Medical Sciences
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