Volume 21, Issue 69 (8-2020)                   Zanko J Med Sci 2020, 21(69): 57-65 | Back to browse issues page

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Hosseini R, yekta Z, porali R. The Prevalence of Congenital Hypothyroidism and Its Related Factors in West Azarbaijan Province during 2011-2015. Zanko J Med Sci 2020; 21 (69) :57-65
URL: http://zanko.muk.ac.ir/article-1-501-en.html
urmia University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (1715 Views)
Background and Aim: Congenital hypothyroidism is one of the most common endocrine diseases which can be prevented by early and timely diagnosis and treatment. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of congenital hypothyroidism and its related factors in West Azerbaijan province during 2011-2015
Material and Method: This cross-sectional study was descriptive-analytical type. All screened neonates borne in West Azarbaijan province between 2011 and 2015 were studied. A researcher-made checklist including birth dates, gender, sampling time by day, birth weight, family relationship of parents, maternal age at pregnancy, history of maternal thyroid disease, type of delivery, multiple births, hospitalization history, blood exchange, and final diagnosis have been used to collect the data. Data analysis was performed using SPSS version22.
Results: According to the results of screening 318760 neonates, the prevalence of congenital hypothyroidism was 3.2 per 1,000 live births. The prevalence of transient and permanent congenital hypothyroidism was 1.18 and 1.85 per 1000 live births, respectively. Out of 1021 infants, 579 were male infants (56.7%). There were no statistically significant relationships between neonatal sex, family relationship of parents, history of thyroid disease, birth anomalies, and weight with the type of hypothyroidism (P > 0.05). There was a significant relationship between the type of hypothyroidism and the type of delivery (P < 0.05).
Conclusion: According to the findings of this study, prevalence of congenital hypothyroidism in West Azerbaijan is among provinces with high prevalence. Urmia and Bukan cities had the highest prevalence in these five years and are among the most dangerous centers in the province. As a result, it is suggested that the officials and managers of the health sector pay special attention to these cities in order to control this disease and reduce its prevalence.
 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2020/02/29 | Accepted: 2020/05/5 | ePublished: 2020/08/31

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