Volume 15, Issue 47 (2-2015)                   Zanko J Med Sci 2015, 15(47): 46-51 | Back to browse issues page

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Abedi M, Shahsavari S, Salehi R, Hedayati Nia S, Nasrollahi S, Sadeghi S, et al . The study of prevalence and risk factors of hypothyroidism in newborn screening program in Sanandaj city in 2009 -2014. Zanko J Med Sci 2015; 15 (47) :46-51
URL: http://zanko.muk.ac.ir/article-1-54-en.html
Abstract:   (7025 Views)
Background and Aim: Hypothyroidism is the most common endocrine gland diseases in children. Early diagnosis and timely treatment can prevent irreversible effects. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of hypothyroidism in the newborn babies in the screening program in Sanandaj city. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study has been done by using the available documents related to the newborn babies. List of sick infants was prepared. Considering the large number of the newborn babies in Sanandaj city from 2009 to 2014, for every sick infant four healthy ones who were similar in the year of birth, place of residence and age were selected. Having their check list, we referred to health centers and analyzed their family file. Results: The number of diagnosed sick infants in Sanandaj city screening was 156, of which 60 were girls (5/38%) and 96 were boys (3/61 %). There was statistical difference between the two groups of sick and healthy infants in terms of sex, family history of hypothyroidism, birth weight and height and jaundice at birth (p<0.0001). However, there was no correlation between the age of the mother and incidence of disease (p>0.0001). Conclusion: The positive family history of hypothyroidism may be associated with congenital hypothyroidism. Moreover, Nutritional deficiency during pregnancy could be a risk factor for infant’s weight and height disturbances. It is recommended to consider these factors in all maternal care control forms.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/02/6 | Accepted: 2015/03/19 | ePublished: 2015/03/19

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