Volume 23, Issue 77 (8-2022)                   Zanko J Med Sci 2022, 23(77): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

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aghili M, saadat A. The effect of Iranian traditional music on quality of life in the elderly with Alzheimer's dementia. Zanko J Med Sci 2022; 23 (77)
URL: http://zanko.muk.ac.ir/article-1-595-en.html
Abstract:   (614 Views)
Background and Aim: The increasing population of the elderly is one of the most challenging issues in the field of health and requires appropriate measures to improve the quality of life of the elderly. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Iranian traditional music on quality of life in the elderly with Alzheimer's dementia - early and middle stage of Tehran.
Materials & Methods: The present study was a quasi-experimental study with a design (pre-test-post-test) with a control group. Thirty elderly patients with Alzheimer's dementia residing in the day care center of the Alzheimer's Association of Iran were selected by purposive sampling method and randomly assigned to experimental (n = 15) and control (n = 15) groups; Participants completed the World Health Organization (WHO) Quality of Life Questionnaire. The experimental group listened to traditional Iranian music in 24 sessions (3 days a week) for 40 minutes each time in a resting position. And the control group did not receive any intervention until the end of the study. To analyze the data, multivariate analysis of covariance and Bephroni post hoc test and SPSS software version 24 were used.
Results: Statistical findings showed that the mean of mental health in the experimental group before the intervention was 4.54 21 21.33 and after the intervention was 5.06 20 23.20 and in social relations in the experimental group before the intervention was 93 5.93. 2.01 and after the intervention of Iranian traditional music was 2.28 9 9.73 which was statistically significant (P <0.001).
Discussion and Conclusion: Since traditional Iranian music leads to improving the quality of life, it is suggested that this treatment technique be used to improve the quality of life of the elderly with Alzheimer's dementia.
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Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: General
Received: 2021/12/20 | Accepted: 2022/10/14 | ePublished: 2022/08/1

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