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:: Volume 19, Issue 61 (7-2018) ::
Zanko J Med Sci 2018, 19(61): 50-74 Back to browse issues page
Needs Assessment for Health Reporters in Improving Crisis Informing Process
Abstract:   (94 Views)
Background and Aim:  Considering the important role of journalists in mental and psychological management of people in critical situations, the present study was designed to assess the educational needs of health journalists in order to improve informing process in crisis.
Material and Method: This qualitative study was carried out with a qualitative content analysis approach by means of contractual type and through semi-structured interviews. Participants in the study were 14 health journalists who were selected through targeted sampling and interviewed. The data collection method was semi-structured interview consisting of demographic, introductory, specific, and final questions. The number of journalists' questions was 13. Data were analyzed by qualitative content analysis method. Atlas software version 4 was used for coding and formatting demographic data. SPSS software version 21 was used to analyze the demographic data.
Results:  Reporters did not have enough health literacy, which confirmed the need for education in elementary and advanced levels in the form of specialized training. They also necessitated continuing education courses in crisis reporting. Reporters educational needs in fields including educational needs to learn about crisis types, basics of reporting in crisis, management of public opinion in crisis, familiarity with diseases and epidemics in crisis, and the ethics of reporting in disasters at all levels were obvious.
Conclusion: Reporters and journalists should acquire crisis informing skills in critical situations. Continuing and regular education in crisis management is one of the current needs of journalists. Holding specialized training courses in universities, founding special schools, providing scientific and research centers, holding specialized conferences and workshops, and conducting various types of maneuvers and exercises are among the other things to be done. This research was able to identify these needs to some extent.
Keywords: Education needs assessment, Journalists, Healthcare system, Notifying, Crisis

Keywords: Keywords: Education needs assessment, Journalists, Healthcare system, Notifying, Crisis
Full-Text [PDF 403 kb]   (122 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/12/19 | Accepted: 2018/04/21 | Published: 2018/10/10
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Needs Assessment for Health Reporters in Improving Crisis Informing Process. Zanko J Med Sci. 2018; 19 (61) :50-74
URL: http://zanko.muk.ac.ir/article-1-357-en.html

Volume 19, Issue 61 (7-2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم پزشکی زانکو Zanko Journal of Medical Sciences
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