Volume 18, Issue 59 (1-2018)                   Zanko J Med Sci 2018, 18(59): 36-47 | Back to browse issues page

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Rezaei nayeh M, Ashk torab T, Fatah Moghadam L, amiri H, Rezvan S, Aghaali M et al . The Prevalence of Violence among Patients and Companions against Nurses and their Related Factors in the Educational and Treatment Center in Tehran in 1395. Zanko J Med Sci 2018; 18 (59) :36-47
URL: http://zanko.muk.ac.ir/article-1-205-en.html
Abstract:   (3251 Views)

Background andAim: Workplace aggression is an alarming and critical issue for both individuals and organizations, and nursing profession is one of those professions which is mostly exposed to aggression; therefore, this study aimed to investigate the frequency of violence among patients and relatives against nurses and their related factors.
Material and Method: The present study is an Analytical- descriptive type which has been participated by 203 nurses working in different sections of Hafte-Tir Medical Research Training Center via the census method. Data gathering instrument was the standardized questionnaire of workplace aggression in healthcare centers. The questionnaire includes 6 parts (demographic data, threat, physical, verbal, racial and sexual aggression) which were filled by the nurses. Spss22 software has been applied in order to analyze the data via analyticaldescriptive and statistical tests.
Results: 74.1% (123 people) of nurses had been exposed to violence during their work period. Verbal abuse and threat were respectively 95.1% (117  people) and 42.3% (52 people) with the highest incidence and physical, sexual and racial violence respectively were (8.9% 11 people), 4.1% (5 people) and 3.2% (4 people) and had the least violence against nurses. Also there was a meaningful relation between nurses’ ethnicity and verbal abuse (p=0.0092) and between marital status and threat (p=0.0134), In a way that Fars nurses were exposed to verbal abuse more than other races and married nurses were threatened more than singles.
Conclusion: The results confirm the high prevalence of workplace violence against nurses, so this issue necessitates special attention. Therefore in order to decrease risks and threats of aggression in hospitals precautionary, preventive and cooperative approach in addition to suitable methods of report of aggression and its pursuit and public education is effective and advantageous.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/06/15 | Accepted: 2017/09/19 | ePublished: 2018/01/19

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