Volume 20, Issue 66 (10-2019)                   Zanko J Med Sci 2019, 20(66): 46-55 | Back to browse issues page

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toghiani S, karimi A. The Association of Anemia with Learning and Memory in Students of Imam Raouf Educational Complex of Isfahan, 1397. Zanko J Med Sci 2019; 20 (66) :46-55
URL: http://zanko.muk.ac.ir/article-1-468-en.html
Payam Noor University of Isfahan
Abstract:   (5039 Views)
Background and Aim: Individuals with iron deficiency, even without anemia, always feel tired. They are not interested in doing their duties, so their efficiency will be less than healthy individuals. According to the widespread prevalence of iron deficiency, especially in boys and girls, it has a profound effect on all levels of society, including health, economics, education, and so on. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia and its effect on learning and memory in students of Imam Raouf Educational Complex.
Material and Method: In this study, a multistage (clustered and classified) random sampling method was used. It was performed on 300 students (181 girls and 119 boys) who were randomly selected. Data collection tools were questionnaires and blood tests (HB, HCT, MCV, and Ferritin). To obtain the results, SPSS22 software and Chi-square test were used.
Results: The results of this study showed a significant relationship between serum ferritin, hemoglobin, and hematocrit with levels of learning disorder in students (P = 0/000). There was no significant relationship between BMI and sex with the levels of learning disorder in boys and girls (P = 0.09, P = 0.2).
Conclusion: Regarding the relatively high prevalence of iron deficiency and the fact that anemia can interfere with learning, verbal, and behavioral skills and also reduction in optimal intelligence, it is recommended to evaluate the children with laboratory blood tests such as hematocrit, hemoglobin, and ferritin before entering primary school in order to diagnose anemia due to iron deficiency. It is also recommended to study different age groups and sex with greater number of participants and longer period of time in order to examine their function.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2019/05/8 | Accepted: 2019/07/17 | ePublished: 2019/10/2

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